The human body is a pretty impressive vehicle. It can run, swim, jump, propel and flip. Like any vehicle it needs plenty of maintenance and the right kind of fuel to perform at its best.
How we refuel after exercise can make a huge difference to how we feel and recover. Feelings of lethargy will haunt you if you don’t replenish your muscle glycogen after a long run, and muscle fatigue will be heightened if you do not give your muscle fibres restorative fuel after heavy lifting.
So let’s break it down simply and clearly.
Your post-workout fuel guide
Cardio = carbs
If your heart has been pumping from a run, cycle, swim or group fitness class, your body will have used up a fair amount of muscle glycogen. Muscle glycogen is the carbohydrate fuel we store in our body to give us the energy required to exercise. To replenish this after a 60 minute workout you don’t necessarily need to go reaching for a sports drink. Save those for intense cardio activity lasting longer than 90 minutes.
After high-intensity cardio workouts
As a general rule, for HIGH INTENSITY cardio workouts lasting 60 minutes or more, try and eat 1g of carb per kg of body weight for optimal replenishment.
This might look like:
- 60kg = Porridge with a sliced pear and milk OR 200g yoghurt with a piece of fruit
- 100kg = Muesli with banana, yoghurt and milk OR 2 wholemeal crumpets with a sliced banana, honey and cinnamon
If the workout has been VERY intense you may need to pay particular attention to your electrolytes as well (cue sports drink).
Also read: Top 10 Cardio Myths Busted
After moderate-intensity cardio workouts
If the workout has not been physically intense, a piece of fruit as a snack immediately after will act as great fuel.
Strength = protein
Strength training requires a hit of protein to replenish and restore. So if you’ve been lifting, pulling, heaving or pressing, you need to opt for quality protein. Recent research has shown that early intake after exercise (within the first hour) of essential amino acids from good quality protein foods helps to promote the increase in protein rebuilding and recovery.
Most current research agrees that resistance and endurance athletes benefit from consuming 15-25g of high quality protein in the first hour after exercise. You can opt for a protein shake for convenience, but there are loads of other ‘whole food’ ways to get quality protein into your body.
Take a look at some of these foods with approx 10g protein:
- 40g of cooked lean beef/pork/lamb
- 40g skinless cooked chicken
- 50g of canned tuna/salmon or cooked fish
- 300 ml of milk/glass of Milo
- 200g tub of yoghurt
- 300ml flavoured milk
- 1.5 slices (30g) of cheese
- 2 eggs
- 120g of tofu
- 4 slices of bread
- 200g of baked beans
- 60g of nuts
- 2 cups of pasta/3 cups of rice
- .75 cup cooked lentils/kidney beans
If you are doing a combination of strength and cardio, a combination of protein and carbs is best.
NOTE: If you are an athlete preparing for a competitive race or you are training at an elite level, advice tailored for your requirements by a Sports Dietitian is always the way to go.